Election Forecasting Update – 4 November 2012

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Here’s my penultimate update on the status of the most popular presidential forecasting models. On the top are Nate Silver and Andrew Tanenbaum; on the bottom are Sam Wang and Josh Putnam. Sam’s model showed an unnerving single-day decline in Obama’s numbers today, but all four models still predict a convincing Democratic victory, with Obama winning an average of 305 electoral votes.

So what are the odds that these models are wrong? The basic polling itself is almost certainly sound, so there are really only two ways that the polls could be significantly off:

  • The few remaining undecided voters could all break for Romney. However, this is unlikely given the polling numbers we’re seeing, since they’d have to break something like 80%-20% to overcome Obama’s lead in the key swing states. There’s no precedent for that.
  • On the great gittin’ up day, all those folks who say they support Obama might not get to the polls in the same numbers as all the super-energized Romney supporters. But this is basically just an assertion that the likely voter screens are wrong on virtually all the polls, something that seems unlikely since the screens are little more than questions asking whether you plan to vote. They’ve worked in the past, and there’s no reason to think they won’t work this year just as well. For all practical purposes, the “enthusiasm gap”—if it exists—is already accounted for in the polling numbers.

But suppose there is a systematic bias in the polls. How big would it have to be in order for Romney to win? This is what Sam Wang’s “meta-margin” tells us, and it currently stands at 2.72%. That’s how far off the polls would have to be—either because undecideds break heavily for Romney or because the pollsters’ likely voter screens are wrong—in order for Romney to win, and it’s a pretty big number. It’s unlikely that either of these effects is anywhere near that large.

What else? Conservatives are currently pinning some of their hopes on poll internals, which show independents breaking strongly for Romney. However, Nate Cohn suggests this is just an artifact of the Republican Party’s lousy brand image these days: the tea party has driven away lots of centrist Republicans, who now call themselves independents even though they still plan to vote for Romney. This is likely what’s driving up Romney’s share of the “independent” vote.

For myself, I’m still predicting an Obama win for two reasons. First, models that are based on fundamentals suggest that Obama—an incumbent presiding over a so-so economy—should score a modest win. Second, Obama is leading in nearly all the polls two days before the election, and that also suggests a modest win. There’s no magic here. Both of the models that seem like reliable predictors are pointing in the same direction, so that’s the direction I’m leaning too. I guess I’d add to that one anecdotal piece of evidence: the Romney campaign is spending a lot of time complaining that the polls are wrong, and that’s usually something that only losing campaigns do. In any case, we’ll know in 48 hours.

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