Gay Marriage and Justice Kennedy

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Dahlia Lithwick says Judge Vaughn Walker’s ruling today in the Proposition 8 case was a triumph of “science, methodology, and hard work.” Personally, I would have preferred an opinion that was based a little less on a mountain of science and methodology and a little more on a mountain of compelling legal doctrine, since that’s what’s going to matter when this case gets to the Supreme Court. Still, Lithwick does point out something else interesting about Walker’s decision: he relies a lot on arguments that seem designed to appeal to Justice Anthony Kennedy:

I count — in his opinion today — seven citations to Justice Kennedy’s 1996 opinion in Romer v. Evans (striking down an anti-gay Colorado ballot initiative) and eight citations to his 2003 decision in Lawrence v. Texas (striking down Texas’ gay-sodomy law). In a stunning decision this afternoon, finding California’s Proposition 8 ballot initiative banning gay marriage unconstitutional, Walker trod heavily on the path Kennedy has blazed on gay rights: “[I]t would demean a married couple were it to be said marriage is simply about the right to have sexual intercourse,” quotes Walker. “‘[M]oral disapproval, without any other asserted state interest,’ has never been a rational basis for legislation,” cites Walker. “Animus towards gays and lesbians or simply a belief that a relationship between a man and a woman is inherently better than a relationship between two men or two women, this belief is not a proper basis on which to legislate,” Walker notes, with a jerk of the thumb at Kennedy.

Kennedy, of course, might possibly be the swing justice when this case gets to the Supreme Court, so this could be a pretty effective tactic. Maybe that mountain of facts has an audience after all.

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Corrupt leaders the world over can (and will) try to shut down the truth, but when the truth has millions of people on its side, you can't keep it down for good. And there's no more powerful or urgent argument for your support of Mother Jones' journalism right now than that. We need to raise about $450,000 to hit our online fundraising budget in these next few months, so please read more from Monika and pitch in if you can.

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