High-Stakes Testing in San Antonio

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A reader emails me regarding a story about Sam Houston High School in San Antonio, which has finally met state standards for academic achievement:

It’s actually a very sad story about kids who are getting screwed by the system and by some educators, and perfectly encapsulates so much of what is wrong with education reporting. At least twice officials explain to the reporter (apparently without realizing they are doing so) why the results being touted are bogus, and yet the paper still presents this as good news about a success. And the school held a pep rally.

Let’s take a look. Here’s the first explanation:

“I think the main thing is we tested less kids,” English teacher Richard Acuña said. The school identified additional special-needs students who qualified to take tests that aren’t counted when the state determines accountability ratings, he said.

And here’s the second:

The state requires a 60 percent pass rate in math to reach the academically acceptable threshold. Though Sam scored lower than that, it is still set to receive the acceptable rating because last year the state introduced a new tool that allows schools to get credit for some students who did not pass the TAKS if they appear to be on target to pass in the future.

The formula, the Texas Projection Measure, uses a student’s current test scores in several subjects as well as a previous year campus average score to project the student’s future test performance. With the TPM, Sam’s pass rate in math is 72 percent, enough to put it into academically acceptable territory.

For what it’s worth, I’d add a third: the school’s passing rate in science jumped from 38% to 62%. In one year. I mean, maybe that’s legit, but if it is, they need to figure out how to bottle it and sell it. I’d usually be impressed by a five-point rise in a single year. A 24-point rise hardly seems believable.

As longtime readers know, I have pretty ambivalent feelings about high-stakes testing. I’ve heard too many horror stories, both in the press and from friends, to be a big fan, but at the same time it’s not clear what better option we have. But even if you are a big fan, there’s just too much anecdotal evidence that a lot of success in testing regimes comes from gaming the system and lowering the standards of the tests when necessary. Both seem to be in play in this story.

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SIX TRUTHS

Reclaiming power from those who abuse it often starts with telling the truth. And in "This Is How Authoritarians Get Defeated," MoJo's Monika Bauerlein unpacks six truths to remember during the homestretch of an election where democracy, truth, and decency are on the line.

Truth #1: The chaos is the point.

Truth #2: Team Reality is bigger than it seems.

Truth #3: Facebook owns this.

Truth #4: When we go to work, we're in the fight.

Truth #5: It's about minority rule.

Truth #6: The only thing that can save us is…us.

Please take a moment to see how all these truths add up, because what happens in the weeks and months ahead will reverberate for at least a generation and we better be prepared.

And if you think journalism like Mother Jones'—that calls it like it is, that will never acquiesce to power, that looks where others don't—can help guide us through this historic, high-stakes moment, and you're able to right now, please help us reach our $350,000 goal by October 31 with a donation today. It's all hands on deck for democracy.

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