VIDEO: Elizabeth Warren Grills Treasury Secretary on Too Big to Fail

At a Senate banking committee hearing Tuesday, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) grilled Treasury Secretary Jack Lew on too-big-to-fail banks—financial institutions that are so large that their failure would endanger the entire financial system.

“How big do the biggest banks have to get before we consider breaking them up?” she asked.

Too big to fail is far from over. The largest financial institutions are still ballooning in size. In the past few years, banks have been beset by one scandal after another—from money laundering, to rate-fixing, to foreclosure fraud, and have mostly received wrist-slaps as punishment—probably because, as Attorney General Eric Holder recently warned, prosecuting too-big-to-fail banks for bad behavior might spook the entire financial system.

Too big to fail almost died three years ago. Warren noted that as the 2010 Dodd-Frank financial reform law was being crafted, an amendment was proposed that would have broken up the banks, but it didn’t pass—in large part, she reminded Lew, because the Treasury Department (then under Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner) was against it.

“Have you changed your position,” Warren demanded, referring to the Treasury department. “Or are you still opposed to capping the size of banks?”

Lew responded that “ending too big to fail is our policy and we’re aiming to do it.” But Warren wouldn’t let him weasel out of the question with generalities. “I want to focus you in here,” she pushed. “My question is about capping the size of largest financial institutions.”

Lew refused to commit. “Our job right now is to implement…Dodd-Frank,” he said. “I think this is not the time to be enacting big changes.”

“Let me try the question a different way,” Warren persisted. “How big do the biggest banks have to get before we consider breaking them up?” she asked, adding that the largest American banks are 30 percent larger than they were five years ago. “Do they have to double in size? Triple in size? Quadruple in size? Before we talk about breaking up the biggest financial institutions?”

Lew said that too big to fail “is an unacceptable policy”, but urged Warren to have some patience.

She’d have none of Lew’s excuses: “What we’ve seen…is one scandal after another in these largest financial institutions,” she said. “It’s clear they have not changed their risk bearing practices nor have they decided that they’re suddenly going to start following the law.”

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Minority rule, corruption, disinformation, attacks on those who dare tell the truth: There is a direct line from what's happening in Russia and Ukraine to what's happening here at home. And that's what MoJo's Monika Bauerlein writes about in "Their Fight Is Our Fight" to unpack the information war we find ourselves in and share a few examples to show why the power of independent, reader-supported journalism is such a threat to authoritarians.

Corrupt leaders the world over can (and will) try to shut down the truth, but when the truth has millions of people on its side, you can't keep it down for good. And there's no more powerful or urgent argument for your support of Mother Jones' journalism right now than that. We need to raise about $450,000 to hit our online fundraising budget in these next few months, so please read more from Monika and pitch in if you can.

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